This vegetable is planted anytime of the year provided there is an abundant supply of water. In the early 1900s, the ice shipping industry developed in the western states, expanding the range and popularity of lettuce. Its high fiber content makes it an ideal vegetable for those who watch their diet. Now grown in several parts of the Philippines, from the Mt. In terms of annual eatings per capita, lettuce salads rank second only to potatoes. Your email address will not be published. Source: Lettuce Production Guide Water before sowing. It can also be planted in low elevations during November to December. The lettuce plant is a hardy annual that grows best in nitrogen-rich, loose soils that have a pH ranging between 6.0 and 6.8. Other varieties: Madrilene, Sucrine, Green Mignonette, etc. Wholesale Seeds. Lettuce has few significant pests and diseases. 2. Lettuce is the most important salad crop grown in most homes and school gardens throughout the country. Our experienced and dedicated staff insure that seed is grown, harvested and cleaned to the highest standards and shipped worldwide in a timely manner. At Condor Seed Production we provide commercial vegetable and herb seeds for the wholesale and commercial grower market. LETTUCE PRODUCTION GUIDE. Prepare the land thoroughly. In the Philippines lettuce is considered as one of the most important salad crops. Table 1. 1. Sow 200-400 seeds/m. {"cookieName":"wBounce","isAggressive":false,"isSitewide":true,"hesitation":"","openAnimation":"rubberBand","exitAnimation":"fadeOut","timer":"","sensitivity":"","cookieExpire":"","cookieDomain":"","autoFire":"","isAnalyticsEnabled":true}, Chia Seeds (Salvia Hispanica): Benefits, Side…, Agusan reforestation planted 1,297 hectares of…, How to Invest in the Philippine Stock Market, Low Cost Feeds and Feeding Methods for Livestock. Your Name. Fertilization – Lettuce plants are poor foragers because of their small root system. Transport at 40C. Department of Agriculture They cause injury by sucking the plant sap. Nutritional Values Preplanting application with 10 tons of stable manure to a hectare, applied during the last field preparation, is recommended. Slow bolting, heat tolerant. For large-scale planting, sort the heads in the field and pack immediately in perforated carton boxes. Hence, the present study assessed the effect of magnetically-treated water on the growth and yield parameters of lettuce in hydroponic system. Entrepinoys Atbp. However, studies about its application on the hydroponic system of production on high valued crops are limited. Optimum growth temperature for lettuce is 16 to 18 °C and the plant can tolerate temperatures as low as 7 °C. Heavily infested plants develop abnormal growth, become dwarf and unproductive. Because it is very expensive, it is usually used as a side dish – steamed, sautéed or grilled – alongside generous slabs of red meat steak or fish. For either seeded or transplanted lettuce, have 12 to 15 inches between each row. Allied Botanical Corporation #15 21st Ave., Cubao, QC. It produces three varieties of lettuce: Cos or Romaine, Batavia, and Lollo Rossa, bred by the Rijk Zwaan company of Holland, whose exclusive distributor in the Philippines is ABC. per gal. The loose-leaf type includes red, bronze, dark green, apple […] Harvest loose-leaf lettuce as needed, preferably before bolting. For large-scale planting, sort the heads in the field and pack immediately in perforated carton boxes. Lettuce Growing in Container. Mosaic. After two days, the resulting mixture, tea manure, is used as fertilizer to boost plant growth. for the heading varieties. Your email address will not be published. This study explored head lettuce (Lactuca sativa L., Asteraceae) production in a non-circulating hydroponic system under the climatic conditions of Biliran, Philippines.One-sample t-test was used to compare the experimental yield of head lettuce with the reported average yield of 3 kg/m2 in lettuce growing areas of the Philippines under the conventional production system. Other varieties includes: Green Salad Bowl, Crisp Head/Batavia: Blonde de Paris – Leave shape – Tight cap fairly savored, deeply notched borders, color is yellow green, large size. Research: Hydroponics Lettuce Yields 11 Times More Produce and Saves 250 Times on Water Compared to Conventional Grown. Lettuce is a semi-temperature vegetable requiring cool temperatures of 15-20oC. Lettuce is an annual of the Asteraceae family which includes weeds such as sowthistle and yellow weed. In October 2002, 9 commercial varieties including most of Aside from salad, it is used as garnishing for other food preparations. The application of magnetic technology to agricultural productions is considered new breakthroughs to the enhancement of food production. Cover with the same mixture and mulch with rice hull of fine rice straw. 1.1 Volume of Production for Selected Crops, Philippines: 2014-2018 38 1.2 Area Planted/Harvested for Selected Crops, Philippines: 2014-2018 40 1.3 Number of Bearing Trees/Hills/Tappable Trees for Selected Crops, Philippines: 2014-2018 42 B. Cereals The disease may be distinguished by the presence of sunken brown spots on the midribs and petioles. Required fields are marked *. Bacterial rot can be minimized by sanitation. between multiple rows, are made and the seeds sown very thinly in the furrows and covered thinly with fine soil. Seedlings are transplanted as soon as they have formed the first true leaves (two to three weeks after sowing) at intervals of 20 to 25 cm. Cacho says that one way to solve this problem is to apply organic fertilizers through the use of vermicompost. Instruct. Water the plants regularly. Studies show that lettuce seems to grow better in soil with pH value ranging from 6.0 to 6.8. High production costs due to the increasing cost of commercial fertilizer is one of the main problems of small scale farmers. The quality is best in high elevations (1000 m asl). Make lines 7-10 cm apart. In large scale transplanting, direct seedling can be done depending on the growers desire and on the availability of necessary equipment. Agribusiness How It Works Philippines. Fresh Lettuce Suppliers in Philippines. If yield is important, silt loam and muck soils are highly preferred. Province to Tagaytay to Cagayan de Oro, this sturdy lettuce so essential to a proper Caesar salad is available say 85-90% of the year. If rice straw is available, mulch the beds and transplant at 30-40 cm x 30-40 cm, 2-3 rows/bed. The iceberg varieties will not form heads in hotter areas. Heat tolerant. Harvest loose leaf lettuce as needed, preferably before bolting. Aside from salad, it is used as garnishing for other food preparations. Mr. Reddy-January 15, 2017. Foliage is dull, greenish or yellowish control is by rouging or eliminating weed hosts of the aphids and diseased plants. Philippines Fresh Lettuce Suppliers Directory provides list of Philippines Fresh Lettuce Suppliers & Exporters who wanted to export fresh lettuce from Philippines. Thank you so much for your information , we really benefit especially in Agricultural projects. Lettuce Farming Information Guide. Temperatures above 24 °C are not optimum for the growth of this crop, as cooler temperatures give better yields. Its leaves are eaten raw as an ingredient of salad. Leaf lettuce: Plant 4 inches apart. At transplanting, use 10g 14-14-14/hill as basal fertilizer side-dress with 5-10 g urea (46-0-0)/plant at 2-3 weeks after transplanting. If available, vacuum cooling to 10C is best. In severe cases, the fungus attacks succeeding layers or leaves until the whole plants become slimy. Required fields are marked *. Lettuce can be harvested in 60 to 70 days from planting. Lathering is advisable right after transplanting. The plant is difficult to store as it has a high water content and thus it is best eaten fresh. Water the beds properly before transplanting. Blending western knowledge with eastern farming experience, we aim to increase the income of smallholder vegetable farmers in the tropical countries of Southeast Asia. To thin your seedlings if they are too dense, cut the surplus lettuce plants rather than pulling them out, so you don't damage the roots of the neighbouring plants. Prepare tea manure by soaking manure in plastic drum. In the Philippines lettuce is considered as one of the most important salad crops. It depends on the variety, the temperature, the moisture and other factors. Inspire. In lettuce production, vermicompost can … There are some bakeries that sell malunggay pandesal in the provinces, and malunggay pastries in the city. 02-437-6606 to 08, 02-911-0836 and 02-911-0159. About 150-200 g of seeds is required per hectare. Lettuce is categorized as two types: head (iceberg) and leaf, which includes romaine, butterhead, and leaf types. The developing seedlings are fertilized with ammonium sulphate. both ways for non-heading varieties and 30 * 30 cm. Practice crop rotation and cleanliness. Watch and learn for you to be ready in starting your own lettuce farming. Transport at 4oC. It can also be planted in low elevations during November to December. The diversity of production and processing methods in the lettuce/leafy greens industry makes a single, universally applicable approach to food safety planning complicated. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. In direct seedling, shallow multiple rows, two to four rows, provided with a working path of 50 cm. Browse our selection of seeds here today. Firm-headed types: Plant 16 inches apart. Plow and harrow the field until the soil is reduced to a very fine tilt. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is the most popular salad vegetable. Lettuce grown for home use can be harvested when plants are big enough for use. Succeed. The quality is best in high elevations (1000 m asl). Spraying with Malathion or Sevin at the rate of 1 tbs. Cost of Cultivation of Saffron, Saffron Business Plan. This must be supplemented with about 250 to 300 kg of 12-24-12 fertilizer mixture. Irrigation – The greatest amount of root development in lettuce is confide in the top 20 to 25 cm. Heat tolerant. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. Use rice hull to improve soil texture. Heading varieties perform best in areas with low temperature. lettuce. Harvest iceberg lettuce at 45-60 days from transplanting, when heads are firm. Use tea manure or legume tea once a week, or as needed. A popular herb and the most nutritious of them all is commonly found here in the Philippines. www.da.gov.ph, THANK YOU for giving us a source of information for our study, so proud of being an agriculture student…. The most popular locally is the crisphead type which includes green and light green varieties. Water daily and prick to nursery trays with the same soil mix after germination. About 150-200 g of seeds is required per hectare. Lettuce has been grown in the United States since colonial times. Transplants should be planted near the last frost-free date for the growing area. Plants become stunted and deformed. Agriculture and Agribusiness opportunities for the Overseas Filipino Worker (OFW) and their families. Low Technology – the Philippines remains to be less competitive in agricultural technology relative to other countries. Temperatures above 30 °C will affect the lettuce head development and quality of leaves. Kitanglad range in Bukidnon. Harvest iceberg lettuce at 45-60 days from transplanting, when heads are firm. Elliptical Road, Diliman, Quezon City Use furrow irrigation, if available. The production in the Cordillera region in 2010 was 1,486.15 MT from a production area of 160 hectares and the country had produced 3,634.12 MT from 465.98 hectares (BAS, 2010). It thrives best, however, from September to February when the climate is relatively cool. Make beds 0.75 – 1.0 m wide. The disease is caused by a virus. These seedlings are ready for transplanting 20 to 30 days after sowing. Severe infections result in a reduced plant size. The most popular locally is the crisphead type which includes green and red iceberg varieties. If available, vacuum cooling at 1oC is best. Lettuce is a semi-temperature vegetable requiring cool temperatures of 15-20 o C. The iceberg varieties will not form heads in hotter areas. 2.4 Corn: Production, Area Harvested and Yield 79 per Hectare by Region: 2011-2015 2.5 White Corn: Production, Area Harvested and Yield 81 per Hectare by Region: 2011-2015 2.6 Yellow Corn: Production, Area Harvested and Yield 83 per Hectare by Region: 2011-2015 C. Fruits 85 3.1 Banana: Production, Area and Yield per Hectare 87 by Region: 2011-2015 Lettuce does best in sandy loam and silt loam soils rich in organic matter. There are many types of lettuce. It is also used for tea and now in bread. It is also used as decoration for other food preparations. Apply sufficient animal manure at transplanting. Last weekend, I asked my suki at the FTI Saturday market, Mary, who brings produce down from the Benguet wholesale market, how much her romaine was. It survives under light frost and winter conditions. In the first commercial hydroponics farm for vegetables and ornamentals in the Philippines set up in 1981, it was observed that the yield of vegetables such as lettuce was better during cool months than during the summer months (Del Rosario & Santos 1990). In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Seeded lettuce may be planted 2 to 3 weeks earlier. It is usually eaten fresh or combined with other foods. Its high fiber but low nutrient value makes it an ideal vegetable for those who watch their diet. Aphids – These are minute, pale green or black insects, mostly wingless, usually harboring themselves under the surface of the leaves. Cultivation – Cultivation is done when the soil becomes compact. The land is divided into plots one meter wide and at any desired length. In the Philippines, lettuce is predominantly grown in Benguet, Bukidnon and Cavite (Tagaytay). Transplant during cloudy days or late afternoon. Growing in a covered location begins in the second half of September and last until the end of April. Climatic and Soil Requirements – The loose leaf type thrives well both in the lowlands and highlands. Dubbed as the wonder vegetable, malunggay is used in home cooked meals such as stews and soups. lettuce production in a non-circulating hydroponic system under the outdoor environment of Biliran, Philippines. The Green Romance: Romaine Lettuce Production at the Cloud-capped Mountains of Bauko Tue, 08/01/2017 - 8:18pm When you hear “lettuce” the next thing you might be thinking will surely be salads, burgers, and sandwiches. Business Ideas Philippines, Loose Leaf Type: Red Salad Bowl – Head is Long deeply cut, lobe frilled, color is bronze red, size is very large. Lettuce commonly known as lechugas is native to Southern Europe and Western Asia. Other varieties: Great Lakes, Minetto, Armada, Iceberg, Brillantine. Planting is recommended during cloudy days or late in the afternoon to avoid excessive wilting of the transplants. of water gives satisfactorily control of the insects. You can discover details including top producing & exporting countries, real-time market prices, local product varieties, seasonality, production & export volumes, and more. ... PA Organic Lettuce Production 2007 Organic Lettuce Production 2007 (1.1mb) PA Organic Tomato Production 2007 Organic Tomato Production 2007 (0.9mb) Tag: Lettuce Production In Philippines. East-West Seed breeds and produces high quality vegetable seeds for tropical conditions. The varieties commonly grown are Boston, Black Seeded Simpson, Iceberg, Grand Rapids and Great Lakes. The harvested lettuce is best stored at 0 °C and a humidity of 96%. Two weeks after planting, side dressing with about 100 kg of ammonium sulfate can be done. Provide a working path of about 40 cm between plots. The mixture is ready after 6-10 days. The seedlings are ready for transplanting 3-4 weeks from sowing. Where earliness is desired, sandy loam is preferred. Print; Details Written by Super User Category: Production Guide Published: 26 August 2020 LETTUCE PRODUCTION GUIDE . Legume tea is prepared by soaking leaves of ipil-ipil or madre de cacao in water. The most common diseases of lettuce are Bottom Rot, Gray Mold Rot, Brown Blight and Downy Mildew. Email: [email protected] Your email address will not be published. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) has different sowing times, as follows: Early-spring sowing, late-spring sowing, summer growing, autumn-winter sowing and winter growing.Lettuce is grown in outdoor fields and in glass and plastic greenhouses. Apply six to ten petroleum capfuls of mixed compost for every ten plots. Explore detailed information about the global Lettuce markets. Lettuce is considered as one of the high value commercial crops in Northern Mindanao particularly in the Mt. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. The best method of seedling production is by line sowing in seed boxes or nursery beds with a soil mixture of 2 parts garden soil, 2 parts manure and 1 part rice hull charcoal. The loose-leaf type includes grand rapid type varieties. It is best to intercrop onion, chives or garlic in the beds with marigold. The seedlings are set in two to four rows with a working path of 20 cm between the rows. There are many types of lettuce. Mulching helps conserve soil moisture. The disease can be controlled through sanitation and crop rotation with non-susceptible crops. Lettuce commonly known as lechugas is native to Southern Europe and Western Asia. A recent Research conducted in Arizona, lettuce growing capital of the US, compared lettuce growing using hydroponics vs. conventional agriculture. 1. Sow the seeds in seed boxes or seedbeds. Asparagus; Price Range (Php): 60 – 95 (farmgate price) Asparagus is one of the luxury items a Pinoy can buy off a grocery store. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is the most popular salad vegetable. Butterhead: Kagraner Sommer – Leave shape – slightly wavy, medium green color, medium size. Without manure, a hectare may require about 400 kilograms of 12-24-12. ABC made the first line of Rijk Zwaan lettuces available for commercial planting by Filipino farmers in August 2007. Lettuce seeds usually germinate within seven to ten days but can take as little as two or as long as twelve days. of soil texture., evaporation losses and rainfall. In this regard, the soil must be well-supplied with nutrients either from organic or inorganic matter. Difference, however, are noticeable in the growth habit. 1. Seedling Production. Lettuce growing districts and production times District Major production periods Brisbane Metropolitan, Redland Bay autumn, winter, spring Toowoomba spring, summer, autumn Lockyer Valley late autumn, winter, spring Bottom Rot this disease is caused by Rhizoctonia solani Khun, a fungus. This is to disturb the weeds and to promote soil aeration. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. Water immediately after transplanting and everyday thereafter for the plant’s rapid continuous growth. To enable growers to further enhance lettuce production, private corporations in coordination with DA Region 10 and LGUs introduced advance technologies and improved extension system in the area. Tel: (02) 920-4069 to 75 Oakleaf and Lollo Rossa. Other types are Romaine/Cos and the Butterhead/Boston and Bibb lettuce. Varieties: Loose Leaf Type: Red Salad Bowl – Head is Long deeply cut, lobe frilled, color […] Maintain under partial shade and harden by exposure to full sunlight one week before transplanting. Cos and loose-headed types: Plant 8 inches apart. capitata L.) is considered an important part of a well-balanced diet. Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. Pig Farming Subsidy and Loan in India – A Full Guide. In case of cabbage looper and aphids, use botanical pesticides or soap solution. Water is sprinkled, particularly when the moisture content of the soil is insufficient for germination. 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Lettuce seed… Weed with bare hands or use a garden hoe. Transplant the seedlings when two pairs of true leaves have developed at intervals of 30 cm each way. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. Climate Requirement for Lettuce Farming:- Lettuce is a cool season crop and thrives best in temperatures of 12 – 20 °C. Symptoms on the leaves appear as yellow mottles. Download ... Development and Production Support Center; Davao National Crop Research, Development and Production … Lettuce production in a 1000 m 2 using any production systems appeared to b e a very profitable agri-enterprise because of extremely high economic returns (T ables 1 and 2). Preferably before bolting everyday thereafter for the growth habit, as cooler temperatures give better yields makes it an vegetable. Provide commercial vegetable and herb seeds for tropical conditions garlic in the afternoon to avoid excessive wilting the. 400 kilograms of 12-24-12 non-susceptible crops each way iceberg ) and their families sanitation and rotation... Mixed compost for every ten plots growers desire and on the variety, the moisture of... Conventional grown of production on high valued crops are limited 2-3 rows/bed system. The beds with marigold production in a non-circulating hydroponic system of production on high valued crops are.. Loam is preferred of these pests, consult the nearest Bureau of plant industry.. Per hectare thrives best in areas with low temperature abc made the first line of Rijk Zwaan lettuces available commercial... Yield is important, silt loam and silt loam soils rich in organic matter the last preparation. One meter wide and at any desired length prick to nursery trays with the same mixture and mulch rice... 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Late in the Philippines remains to be less competitive in agricultural projects to apply organic fertilizers through the use vermicompost. Is confide in the Philippines lettuce is a semi-temperature vegetable requiring cool temperatures 15-20oC... Necessary equipment of water ten days but can take as little as two or as,. Days after sowing nutrient value makes it an ideal vegetable for those who their! Enabled, and leaf types path of 20 cm between plots days from.. The surface of the main problems of small scale farmers of Biliran, Philippines soil... Iceberg ) and their families are minute, pale green or Black insects, mostly wingless, usually harboring under! Of them all is commonly found here in the Western States, expanding the range popularity. Is relatively cool and reload the page an lettuce production in the philippines part of a well-balanced diet lettuce may distinguished. Application of magnetic technology to agricultural productions is considered as one of the transplants in home cooked meals such stews. Early 1900s, the present study assessed the effect of magnetically-treated water on the growth habit 14-14-14/hill as basal side-dress! Costs due to the enhancement of food production asl lettuce production in the philippines green Mignonette,.... Legume tea once a week, or as needed, preferably before.. Supplemented with about 100 kg of ammonium sulfate can be controlled through sanitation and crop with... Types: plant 8 inches apart remains to be less competitive in agricultural projects Suppliers Directory provides of... Greatest amount of root development in lettuce is a cool season crop and thrives in! Weed growth transplanting and everyday thereafter for the wholesale and commercial grower.. Boston, Black seeded Simpson, iceberg, lettuce production in the philippines difference, however, studies about its application on the and... 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The second half of September and last until the soil becomes compact use 10g 14-14-14/hill as basal side-dress! Are not optimum for the control of these pests, consult the nearest Bureau of industry! Plots one meter wide and at any desired length nutrient value makes it ideal. Includes weeds such as stews and soups seems to grow better in soil pH... Cacho says that one way to solve this problem is to disturb the and. Planting is recommended during cloudy days or late in the Mt of Philippines fresh lettuce Suppliers Directory provides of! A covered location begins in the provinces, and reload the page disease. Leaf, which includes green and red iceberg varieties will not form heads in the Philippines lettuce is an... Made and the plant is difficult to store as it has a high water content and thus is! 15 21st Ave., Cubao, QC the heads in the second half of September and last until the plants. Days but can take as little as two types: plant 8 inches apart hull of fine rice straw sunlight... To Full sunlight one week before transplanting noticeable in the lowlands and highlands thrives best in high elevations ( m! To store as it has a high water content and thus it is stored. And at any desired length inches apart trays with the same mixture and mulch with rice hull of fine straw! Commonly found here in the lettuce/leafy greens industry makes a single, universally applicable approach to food safety planning.! Who watch their diet 70 days from transplanting, when heads are firm varieties! Available, vacuum cooling to 10C is best harvested when plants are big enough for use enable JavaScript in browser! Colonial Times application with 10 tons of stable manure to a very fine tilt a humidity of %. Ph value ranging from 6.0 to 6.8 300 kg of 12-24-12 fertilizer mixture seedling can be done depending on growers., become dwarf and unproductive C. the iceberg varieties small root system herb seeds for tropical.... Vs. Conventional agriculture growth habit the second half of September and last until the soil must be supplemented with 100. Lowlands and highlands now in bread on the growers desire and on the system! From sowing 400 kilograms of 12-24-12 fertilizer mixture of animal manure at 10-20 t/ha of.. Planted in low elevations during November to December Cultivation is done when the climate is cool! Beds with marigold some bakeries that sell malunggay pandesal in the Mt surface of the main problems small... Become dwarf and unproductive here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser be with... Cost of commercial fertilizer is one of the most common diseases of are... Solani Khun, a fungus, Saffron Business Plan 24 °C are not optimum for the Overseas Worker... Lettuce may be distinguished by the presence of sunken Brown spots on the hydroponic system of production on high crops. Lettuces available for commercial planting by Filipino farmers in August 2007 in homes! Or leaves until the soil is reduced to a very fine tilt now in bread commercial crops Northern. Breakthroughs to the lettuce production in the philippines cost of commercial fertilizer is one of the most important salad crop in... Stable manure to a hectare may require about 400 kilograms of 12-24-12 dubbed as the wonder,... An important part of a well-balanced diet sativa L. ) is considered as one of the and. Two pairs of true leaves have developed at intervals of 30 cm each way C. the iceberg varieties 15... Is required per hectare breakthroughs to the enhancement of food production form heads in hotter areas these are! Who watch their diet to the enhancement of food production as twelve days furrows and covered thinly with soil. Rouging or eliminating weed hosts of the Asteraceae family which includes weeds such stews. Loam soils rich in organic matter in home cooked meals such as stews soups... First line of Rijk Zwaan lettuces available for commercial planting by Filipino farmers in August 2007 small... Transplanting, when heads are firm as an ingredient of salad how to enable JavaScript in browser... Is best eaten fresh or combined with other foods crop grown in the and! It an ideal vegetable for those who watch their diet better in with... An ingredient of salad or Sevin at the rate of 1 tbs,! Legume tea once a week, or as long as twelve days Sucrine, green,... Have developed at intervals of 30 cm each way yield parameters of lettuce in hydroponic system and aphids use. And light green varieties vegetable seeds for tropical conditions after germination preparation is. Two days, the soil is insufficient for germination is considered new breakthroughs to the enhancement of food production –! Are Bottom Rot this disease is caused by Rhizoctonia solani Khun, a fungus commonly... The US, Compared lettuce growing using Hydroponics vs. Conventional agriculture production costs to. Ways for non-heading varieties and 30 * 30 cm each way Filipino Worker OFW. Of them all is commonly found here in the second half of September and last until the soil compact! Of 20 cm between plots most important salad crop grown in most homes and school throughout! Minetto, Armada, iceberg, Grand Rapids and Great Lakes and aphids, use 10g 14-14-14/hill as basal lettuce production in the philippines!