0000002745 00000 n 0000091697 00000 n endstream endobj 137 0 obj <>/Metadata 6 0 R/Pages 134 0 R/StructTreeRoot 13 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 138 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 134 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 139 0 obj <>stream 0000003113 00000 n Daily rainfall data for 43 stations having relatively good quality and long records (>15 years) over different climatic zones of Ethiopia were provided by the Ethiopian National Meteorological Services Agency. Using tables and graphic trends of analysis, the article shows the low and declining level of average annual rainfall as well as the high inter-annual fluctuations for 18 weather stations located in different agro-climatic zones of the country. Meteorological Station Information Brief Instruction Click on a region to view the selected region in detail. Overall, several researchers have raised the qu estion whether the current drought EWS in Kenya Regional State of Ethiopia with 30 years meteorological data. 0000009302 00000 n Maize became increasingly important in the food security of Ethiopia following the major drought and famine that occurred in 1984. 0000091673 00000 n 0000004566 00000 n Ethiopia has doubled its maize productivity and production in less than two decades. %%EOF H��U�OSW��޾̀�Cg�M���@�tĴ�֮! Of the 100 stations, 78 stations are Its population is about 60.1 million 0000002768 00000 n 1 CLI MAT E CENTRAL Funded by Key messages • On 4 June 2015, Ethiopia’s National Meteorological Agency declared that the spring belg rains had failed. 0000004511 00000 n 0000012336 00000 n The data collected, after quality control operation, may be utilized directly or processed to meet the users demand. A drier than usual season is expected in most parts of the region, including Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, most of Uganda, Kenya, southern, central and north-western Somalia and southern Ethiopia, according to the Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum. h�bbd```b``v�� �ID�?�\) ��Ln������`���(����D�E�/IƤ@ �� $b "�6�H�li�l{/X�&�d_ ���Н�`20�hDG� B0� The preparation and submission of the NAPA report of Ethiopia to the UNFCCC is a step forward in the long-term challenge of implementing the commitments of the Convention. 0000009519 00000 n 0000087741 00000 n The 2019 Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Health Survey (2019 EMDHS) was implemented by the Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI), in partnership with the Central Statistical Agency (CSA) and the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), under the overall guidance of the Technical Working Group (TWG). 0000010729 00000 n 0000008845 00000 n H�|W]�^7�����va���7�B����Zv`/J/�w���d�&s��~%=��'�M yY�eY��s�ݧ����]��7��|��|w���?ᗛۏ�zs��?�o~�{x�t����ӷ߆Wo^�W��W7?���K����*��S�tD*��v��X���zx�|}Ã����ꗯ�׿��\_}φ�ؗ�3������؟�瘺+��. For the next days; the bega dry, windy and sunny weather conditions will continues by strength ways over the most parts of the country. (2009) reported the temporal and spatial analysis of meteorological and hydrological droughts for the Awash basin of Ethiopia, applying SPI for the assessment of meteor-ological drought using monthly rainfall data from 1963 to 2003. According to the CVR data and the control column forces recorded in DFDR, captain was the pilot flying. After computerizing the data, extensive data quality control has been made to ensure research quality data by visually inspecting the original data with the soft copy. Government Organization The N1 target indicated non data pattern 220 seconds before the end of recording. 0000010924 00000 n Location: Head Office | Photo Curtesy by NMA on October 06, 2001 02:00:00 || Archive Weather Report. Western Amhara, Ethiopia. h�b```�S��,B ��ea����ѭ���,Lb�V��������� `%@���|� ��b)��A�%�MZ�ݐ�" ������紀�A�A h����U��gI=���Q���,�Bv����,����.e��XO )�/��\�� 9)` �Hm�T��$��+�,J����{�ބ(�뇻*J�c�;��GÁ9i�p�m'��"@�L(G3� -�4�;�D�c��X��=��L*�)ϙ4 conducted in different parts of Ethiopia to analyse drought using SPI. Data source: CHIRPS. vol. 0000006056 00000 n 4a ) have periods of records varying from 15 to >50 yr. Nearly half of the full array of stations has records of … ���D�d&�"L��R�$mI��䅕(�h�ުH7�w���[�b�C!����g`V��/�Qҿ��aCJz���OP�>�|>-��l������Y����BGa�#�L\�P_�Y�����i7ٔ��8p��8�ؓ�������ށ��χ�7���.a���b��>����pRV3���E+�jf�h-��i���9�H+�ꬭ��䇦�]���M���!�ZoR�;�N���eEg��E�Z�#�q)���σ��(����n�����Y�vS����_�jG x�EV=i:�ỺJ̷=����h�J1+�zO9�]I�d�5�Y�m�i��zڻ�g�?��K�*-Dc\�TY�Ʌ�m���! Ethiopia Weather & Climate Zones of . !�)U��pGq*�3&6�yC'x7�ӳn�Nϫ�v�3����A;����z�������r��T��UN�����O{����ɉ[f�ʹ��˿�He��H��D����n7���=K�T/��h�gH�;`,�\���[�b�:# �kpĹ*% trailer << /Size 653 /Info 591 0 R /Root 620 0 R /Prev 1052420 /ID[<28df47a2ae9724afa73d503ea9512984><28df47a2ae9724afa73d503ea9512984>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 620 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 590 0 R /Outlines 423 0 R /PageLabels 588 0 R >> endobj 651 0 obj << /S 2049 /O 2221 /L 2237 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 652 0 R >> stream 136 0 obj <> endobj At 05:38:44, shortly after liftoff, the left and right recorded AOA values deviated. 0000005680 00000 n One hundred and twenty-four sample household heads were selected, of which 22 participants were female headed households. Source: National Climatic Data Center. ���*S\Dh�a1J7����3:�ly�Ź�E#%dc�*�H�sKa]��v�s��|��3� @��vx���Xh����I����P���U{Yn@3��ĸ�l���:c�$�y�ׇ�pdgCNZ�Z�}�U�n8��x߾\�p�J�u�����˜o۾h}�ZTq��~� �-��YR��bNx��_ӯ� 9���I\��A�A��t�9�Q�W�/uG�H,�ũ5z~%��X]}�H�< @�L��=]W,���Tyi�Ȑ۝dpƦw���V�b֤�pSg��=�f7�6�J�:>R��7���G��l՘4Q�Ao�3�ߑ�Ư�+�^M���D�ޜ���-Ψ���^|�� �������FYYGɄ�|��.ᚺVm��ؾ��Vq����Yu~�����g�����f����,wcS��p1ŴJ��{�j�P�>ιY��e�d3d��*�q�u1M�Ey��\�Sg��)�2� u{2zm�����>NS�9t�3L�l���S- Ethiopia experiences significant climate-induced drought and stress on crop and livestock productivity, contributing to widespread food insecurity. Two hundred meteorological stations ( Fig. Here, we present subseasonal crop water stress analyses that indicate degrading, growing conditions along Ethiopia’s eastern highlands, including productive and populated highland regions. 0000009540 00000 n Daily rainfall data for 100 stations (fig.1) were obtained from the National Meteorological Agency of Ethiopia. Trend and variability of rainfall in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: Analysis of meteorological data and farmers’ perception. Geographic position of the country Ethiopia has an area of approximately 1.12 million km² and is located between 3°24’ and 14°53’ north and 32°42’ and 48°12’ east (Balcha, 1999). Following data quality checking and inspection, the daily rainfall, minimum and Long years (1979-2008) climate data (daily rainfall, daily maximum and daily minimum temperature) were collected from five meteorological stations of Western Amara. 0000001128 00000 n 0000007164 00000 n 0000009631 00000 n This article presents long-term analyzed rainfall and temperature data obtained from the National Metrological Agency (NMA) of Ethiopia. 0000009143 00000 n 0000012043 00000 n Of those that do exist, we bought all available data from the Ethiopian Climate Institute, which your find summarized below. S^08Vy�';^A�p�5S٪G�R�*���*!+{�E��LΔ� October to December is an important rainfall season for Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, and southeastern Ethiopia. You can also make request for meteorological data on selected stations [in the Regional Station Information page]. Trend and variability of rainfall in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: Analysis of meteorological data and farmers’ perception The coordinate system is stored as a property of the data frame and can be changed. 0000004588 00000 n ground based equipment, remote sensing products, citizen science, Big Data and Smart Ag etc.) 0000009324 00000 n [���u���b�����VX���>7���]O�s2A6�__���D:��{ǐZv������+�Җ'�����f��~t��E{�&���>k��/�Y���.��RG���D̖Չ^��t�G��܆�� ez�����Ϥ��I�C���m~����N��~&�G&]r5$[���I���` ��a� A FGD with six participants in each kebeles were held and key informant interviews were held In SDSM, quality control of time series data is a crucial step to handle missing or imperfect data. NMA Data Policy : The National Meteorology Agency of Ethiopia is dedicated to providing quality meteorological services to the users community. An international group of scientists found that the 2015 drought was an extremely rare 619 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 621 /H [ 1128 1640 ] /L 1064930 /E 111916 /N 127 /T 1052431 >> endobj xref 619 34 0000000016 00000 n Available data and products for Agricultural purpose at the National Meteorological Agency of Ethiopia By Melesse Lemma National Meteorological Agency of Ethiopia, email:-mellemma2001@gmail.com, cell phone:- 0921-238812 NSF-PIRE KICKOFF CONFERENCE, JULY 11-12 DELANO HOTEL, BAHIR DAR - Please bookmark this page (add it to your favorites), - If you wish to link to this page, you can do so by referring to the URL address below. Gridded annual temperature and precipitation data were obtained from the National Meteorological Agency (NMA) of Ethiopia for the period between 1983 and 2014. 208 0 obj <>stream STATE OF FOREST GENETIC RESOURCE IN ETHIOPIA 5 1. June 2013; DOI: 10.15413/ajar.2013.0117. including the Ethiopian National Meteorological Agency (NMA), whi ch is the main p rovider of fi eld data measure- ments, and other international organizations such as the h��XmO9�+��ꮬ�_� The rainfall data used for many analyses in this study, obtained from the Ethiopian NMSA, are monthly totals for June–September. 2 (2019): quality of hydro-meteorological data in remote stations: the case of weito river watershed, ethiopia Published: 2020-09-02 Full Issue 163 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<503C0282F3C12247A932BCD4CCBF96E4><6CA6A972C55D89478614AC2D43A4D363>]/Index[136 73]/Info 135 0 R/Length 124/Prev 259732/Root 137 0 R/Size 209/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream 0000005869 00000 n The affected drought area is defined as the continuous area of northern, eastern and central Ethiopia, with precipitation deficits of at least 15% during the historical period. By default, layers are projected on the fly to the coordinate system of the first layer added to a data frame (even if the layer is later removed). Soon after, the summer kiremt rains were severely delayed and erratic, • affecting 9.7 million Ethiopians. 0000007737 00000 n �p��a�`���qw�ă1i�;�`-|n��J��se\fxk��!y���*ڠ`� Q�]��N�s�K^��p�b@����/���l������Pk�����漝���W;��y �WW�撐����L*��K�G�.I���И����]2>z��8 /,�*��$8�@_�D�/���$���`X���³J2��%�l$)m�&ea�s�����*�E�A�5d˘����&-�j��ry^k�&\�ٟ7ػ�hM��2je�G��.Z������`�E"O2`t�wt3G~�w�l��c��{w�����Ь�N�{tp��w�|�% J�\E��2�#K����x\�P�犍\-i�����[��W���J �\غ����PȬr�G�g�>����32Y��ڙ��6� ),����R�J�YH��,�f`�(,�|f�ⅅ`Vf!��¡P),������ġh�( Left AOA Predictand data quality control: Data collected from meteorological stations may not be 100% complete or be accurate. Kenyan and Ethiopian meteorological agencies in 2017 found that of the participants, 29 out of 46 (63%) indicated lack of skill for processing and/or incorporating the information at a local scale as a reason for not using the climate information [7]. This study examines change and trends of 21 climate extremes of temperature and precipitation over Ethiopia by using indices from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI). SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS 1.1. Historical period: 1981 to 2016. You can project all layers in a data frame to any coordinate system ArcMap supports. Close scrutiny of the data has shown that only 11 stations have daily rainfall data with less than 10% missing values in any given year. It also reflects our capacity ... of Ethiopia, the Initial National Communication of Ethiopia to the Conference of The analysis was based on the records of observed meteorological data and the future projected from the CMIP5 model under RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 scenarios. National Meteorological Services Agency ... a good description of the situation of the country and a framework data that can serve as a basis for future studies on climate change. For: November 30, 2020 Figure 4: Total departure from average precipitation from 1 February to 1 September over the affected drought area. %PDF-1.5 %���� Data collection lasted from March to June 2019. 0000001031 00000 n Measured data on climate and weather in Ethiopia are scarce, as there are very few weather stations. ͤ�����Z�) Recurrent extreme drought and flood in Ethiopia lead to more economic loss. %PDF-1.3 %���� 0000012360 00000 n 930 likes. 0 0000111669 00000 n endstream endobj 140 0 obj <>stream The study aims to analyze climate variability and farmers’ perception in Southern Ethiopia. S|��av�q��/�=_�dw�g�E�6qy-�>�zK��E. More than 9 million smallholder households, more than for any other crop in the country, grow maize in Ethiopia at present. Rawinsonde data for central Ethiopia are analyzed to place these long-term mean surface Kiremt characteristics in the context of the annual cycles of tropospheric wind, temperature, and pressure. The results of the seasonal sta… It is with great pleasure for Ethiopia, to submit this document to the UNFCCC and look forward for the follow up implementation of the priority projects. 0000003401 00000 n National Meteorological Agency of Ethiopia Ethiopia. ��~W�K2� Edossaet al. 0000003010 00000 n endstream endobj startxref 0000087718 00000 n in Ethiopia Sub-theme-I: Meteorological information generation Agro-meteorological monitoring and forecasting methods Communicating forecast uncertainty Methods of measurements and observations (e.g. 0000007716 00000 n ���)(X����"h����t���Z��cZKE[a��V#LΙvز�i/���Aj�nH���\ f��v�eFIZ��Ұ�o�ݏէnvYO�����US����u�lo�i�OVg5Ycg~�L{��v������E5���7��E��k������>��(��n���v_���i��y`Eʓ���9a��}�#��˦������2�'����'ŗ�:�1~�3=�4�W�%( DUG}s�'�+ۡ�٬��Y��0��ގ@ || Archive weather Report imperfect data and temperature data obtained from the National Agency!, Tanzania, Uganda, and southeastern Ethiopia erratic, • affecting 9.7 million Ethiopians according the... 02:00:00 || Archive weather Report forecasting methods Communicating forecast uncertainty methods of measurements and observations ( e.g September... 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