The average annual temperature is 26.5 °C | 79.8 °F in Ibadan. Temperatures are also high, and the humidity is brutal. The capital is Abuja. Drought: Droughts are now common across Africa and have affected the Sahel, the Horn of Africa and Southern Africa. To provide an in depth explanation of each of Nigeria's climate types, the Koppen Climate Classification System will be utilized. Nights can be cold in December and January. Desertification, when fertile land becomes barren desert, affects as much as 60% of Nigeria’s land, exacerbated by drought and climate change. The climate of Nigeria is tropical, however there are wide climatic variations in different regions of the country. The average annual temperature is 26.5 °C | 79.8 °F in Ibadan. Southern Nigeria is equatorial, Central Nigeria is tropical, while the northern region of the country is arid. According to the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the world must cut its carbon dioxide emissions to net zero by 2050 in order to prevent global warming of 1.5°C, or … Individuals who are not members of a dominant group but who have lived and worked for several decades in the territory of the group are still considered to be aliens. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Dued to the lesser rain the best time for traveling is from November to April. Our climate is changing with disruptive impacts and that change is accelerating faster than any seen in the last centuries. Climate is the average weather conditions over a specified period of time usually several decades to establish statistical properties such as mean values, variance and probability of extreme events. For instance, the southern coast is … Nigeria is often called the "Giant of Africa." Nigeria is considered to have a tropical climate overall, but within that are many diverse physical regions of the country. Make a stop in Yorubaland to learn about the Yoruba culture and customs by visiting the museums and palaces there. The third major ethnic group, the Igbo of southeastern Nigeria, lives in small decentralized and democratic settlements. Nigeria has some other amazing cities that are worth a visit too. While both the wet and dry seasons are nothing to be too excited about, it's recommended that you travel to Nigeria during the dry season, as the rains can make it difficult to enjoy the trip. They range from education to inform and encourage behavioural change to changing location and use, preventing effects, modifying threats, and sharing loss. Southern Nigeria is equatorial, Central Nigeria is tropical, while the northern region of the country is arid. Annual Weather Averages Near Lagos. This climate is considered to be Aw according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. The north's rainy season is from July to September. For more information see the climate resource page. The best time for tourists to visit Nigeria is between November and January with average … Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. Obudu, Nigeria, is located in the southeastern part of the country, near the border with Cameroon. The northern savanna abounds in guinea fowl. Climate change refers to an increase in average global temperatures. Climate for Ogun (Nigeria) Average daytime and nighttime temperatures. Farther east, along Nigeria’s border with Cameroon, lie the eastern highlands, made of several distinct ranges and plateaus, including the Mandara Mountains, the Shebeshi Mountains, the Alantika Mountains, and the Mambila Mountains. Each inhabits a territory that it considers to be its own by right of first occupancy and inheritance. One of them is the sea equatorial air, which in the summer brings wet winds from the coast, and then a low pressure zone appears over the desert, and the other is a continental tropical one, and it is transported from the Sahara by a dusty dry wind of the Harman. These maps and graphs were developed from the CRU TS 3.21 dataset produced by the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, UK. However, in such a large country, the climate can vary widely from one city to another. In fact, there is a rainy season due to the African monsoon, which is progressively longer and more intense from north to south. This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in … During the dry season, the Harmattan wind blows from the Sahara. Near the coast, the seasons are not sharply defined. As in most of West Africa, Nigeria's climate is characterized by strong latitudinal zones, becoming progressively drier as one moves north from the coast. Climate Types: The climate of Nigeria differs throughout three different regions of the country. These ecosystems provide direct and indirect services to the population, including nutrient cycling to maintain the fertility of soils, waste decomposition, and pest and disease control. Through her experiences, she has learned to navigate the challenges that can come with visiting other countries and cultures. In Nigeria, the climate is tropical, semi-arid in the far north, and progressively rainier as you move southward. When talking about Climate, you should know that there are several types of climate in Nigeria. Whole year UV Index table for Nigeria ☀ Water Temperature in localities in Nigeria Weather phenomena recorded in previous years in Nigeria ☃ Long-term 30 day weather forecast for Nigeria ☔ Nigeria month-by-month travel guide to weather conditions and best times to visit. In Algeria, the largest African country, there are three types of climate: the mild Mediterranean climate of the coast (zone 1 on the map), the transitional climate of the northern hills and mountains (zone 2), which is a little more continental and moderately rainy, and finally, the desert climate of the vast area occupied by the Sahara (zone 3). Natural events and human activities are believed to be contributing to an increase in average global temperatures. In the Shebeshi is Dimlang (Vogel Peak), which at 2,042 m is Nigeria’s highest point. 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